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Relevant Linguistics: An Introduction To The Structure And Use Of English For Teachers Ebook Rar |BEST|


Relevant Linguistics: An Introduction to the Structure and Use of English for Teachers - A Review and Summary




Are you an education student or a teacher who wants to improve your knowledge and skills in teaching English? Do you want to learn more about the nature and structure of the language you are teaching? Do you want to understand and explain the patterns and rules of English, as well as the variations and changes that occur in different contexts and situations? If you answered yes to any of these questions, then you may benefit from reading Relevant Linguistics: An Introduction to the Structure and Use of English for Teachers by Paul W. Justice.




Relevant Linguistics: An Introduction to the Structure and Use of English for Teachers ebook rar



This book is a revised and expanded edition of a popular text that provides a straightforward, accessible introduction to the basics of linguistics for non-linguistics majors. It covers the essentials of phonetics, phonology, morphology, morpho-phonology, and syntax, with examples and exercises from English. It also addresses the issues of dialects, language variation, and language change, which are relevant for understanding and teaching English in diverse contexts.


In this article, we will review and summarize the main points of Relevant Linguistics: An Introduction to the Structure and Use of English for Teachers and explain how it can help you to teach English more effectively. We will also provide some tips and resources for further learning and practice.


What is Linguistics and Why is it Relevant for Teaching English?




Linguistics is the scientific study of language. It examines how language works, how it is structured, how it is used, how it changes, and how it relates to other aspects of human cognition and communication. Linguists analyze language at different levels, such as sounds (phonetics and phonology), words (morphology), sentences (syntax), meaning (semantics and pragmatics), and discourse (text and conversation analysis).


Linguistics is relevant for teaching English because it helps teachers to understand the nature and structure of the language they are teaching. It also helps them to identify and explain the patterns and rules of English, as well as the variations and changes that occur in different contexts and situations. By learning linguistics, teachers can develop a deeper appreciation of the diversity and complexity of language and its role in human communication and culture.


Relevant Linguistics: An Introduction to the Structure and Use of English for Teachers is a book that introduces the basic concepts and terms of linguistics in a clear and simple way, with examples and exercises from English. It also provides teachers with practical applications of linguistics to their teaching practice, such as how to analyze errors, how to teach pronunciation, how to teach grammar, how to teach vocabulary, how to teach writing, and how to teach reading.


What are the Main Topics Covered in Relevant Linguistics: An Introduction to the Structure and Use of English for Teachers?




Relevant Linguistics: An Introduction to the Structure and Use of English for Teachers consists of nine chapters that cover the following topics:


  • Chapter 1: What is Language? This chapter introduces the definition and characteristics of language, the functions and uses of language, the components and levels of language analysis, the types and sources of linguistic data, and the methods and tools of linguistic research.



  • Chapter 2: Phonetics: The Sounds of Language. This chapter introduces the articulatory phonetics of English, which is the study of how speech sounds are produced by the vocal organs. It explains the concepts of voicing, place of articulation, manner of articulation, aspiration, vowel height, vowel frontness/backness, vowel roundedness/tenseness, diphthongs, stress, intonation, pitch accent, length, juncture, syllable structure, onset/rime/coda/nucleus clusters.



Chapter 3: Phonology: The Sound Patterns of Language. This chapter introduces the phonology of English, which is the study of how speech sounds are organized and patterned in a language. It explains the concepts of phonemes (the smallest units of sound that can distinguish meaning), allophones (the different variants or realizations of a phoneme), minimal pairs (pairs of words that differ only by one sound), complementary distribution (the situation where two sounds never occur in the same environment), free variation (the situation where two sounds can occur in


Relevant Linguistics: An Introduction to the Structure and Use of English for Teachers - A Review and Summary




Are you an education student or a teacher who wants to improve your knowledge and skills in teaching English? Do you want to learn more about the nature and structure of the language you are teaching? Do you want to understand and explain the patterns and rules of English, as well as the variations and changes that occur in different contexts and situations? If you answered yes to any of these questions, then you may benefit from reading Relevant Linguistics: An Introduction to the Structure and Use of English for Teachers by Paul W. Justice.


This book is a revised and expanded edition of a popular text that provides a straightforward, accessible introduction to the basics of linguistics for non-linguistics majors. It covers the essentials of phonetics, phonology, morphology, morpho-phonology, and syntax, with examples and exercises from English. It also addresses the issues of dialects, language variation, and language change, which are relevant for understanding and teaching English in diverse contexts.


In this article, we will review and summarize the main points of Relevant Linguistics: An Introduction to the Structure and Use of English for Teachers and explain how it can help you to teach English more effectively. We will also provide some tips and resources for further learning and practice.


What is Linguistics and Why is it Relevant for Teaching English?




Linguistics is the scientific study of language. It examines how language works, how it is structured, how it is used, how it changes, and how it relates to other aspects of human cognition and communication. Linguists analyze language at different levels, such as sounds (phonetics and phonology), words (morphology), sentences (syntax), meaning (semantics and pragmatics), and discourse (text and conversation analysis).


Linguistics is relevant for teaching English because it helps teachers to understand the nature and structure of the language they are teaching. It also helps them to identify and explain the patterns and rules of English, as well as the variations and changes that occur in different contexts and situations. By learning linguistics, teachers can develop a deeper appreciation of the diversity and complexity of language and its role in human communication and culture.


Relevant Linguistics: An Introduction to the Structure and Use of English for Teachers is a book that introduces the basic concepts and terms of linguistics in a clear and simple way, with examples and exercises from English. It also provides teachers with practical applications of linguistics to their teaching practice, such as how to analyze errors, how to teach pronunciation, how to teach grammar, how to teach vocabulary, how to teach writing, and how to teach reading.


What are the Main Topics Covered in Relevant Linguistics: An Introduction to the Structure and Use of English for Teachers?




Relevant Linguistics: An Introduction to the Structure and Use of English for Teachers consists of nine chapters that cover the following topics:


  • Chapter 1: What is Language? This chapter introduces the definition and characteristics of language, the functions and uses of language, the components and levels of language analysis, the types and sources of linguistic data, and the methods and tools of linguistic research.



Chapter 2: Phonetics: The Sounds of Language. This chapter introduces the articulatory phonetics of English, which is the study of how speech sounds are produced by the vocal organs. It explains the concepts of voicing, place of articulation, manner of articulation, aspiration, vowel height, vowel frontness/backness, vowel roundedness/tenseness, diphthongs, stress, intonation, pitch accent,


length,


juncture,


syllable


structure,


onset/rime/coda/nucleus


  • clusters.



Chapter 3: Phonology: The Sound Patterns


of Language.


This chapter introduces


the phonology


of English,


which


is


the


study


of


how


speech


sounds


are


organized


and


patterned


in


a


language.


It explains


the concepts


of phonemes


(the smallest units


of sound that can distinguish meaning),


allophones (the different variants or realizations


of a phoneme),


minimal pairs (pairs


of words that differ only by one sound),


com


Chapter 4: Morphology: The Structure of Words




This chapter introduces the morphology of English, which is the study of how words are formed from smaller units called morphemes. It explains the concepts of free morphemes (morphemes that can stand alone as words) vs bound morphemes (morphemes that must be attached to other morphemes), roots vs affixes (prefixes/suffixes/infixes/circumfixes), derivational morphemes (morphemes that change the meaning or category of a word) vs inflectional morphemes (morphemes that mark grammatical features such as number/gender/case/tense/aspect/mood/person/voice/agreement/comparison), compounds (words that are formed by combining two or more words), blends (words that are formed by combining parts of two or more words), acronyms (words that are formed by taking the initial letters or syllables of a phrase or name), clippings (words that are formed by shortening a longer word), back-formations (words that are formed by removing an affix from an existing word), conversions/functional shifts/zero-derivations


(words that are formed by changing the category or function


of an existing word without adding any affixes).


This chapter also introduces the concept of word formation processes, which are the ways that new words are created in a language. It discusses the types and sources of word formation processes, such as derivation, compounding, blending, acronymy, clipping, back-formation, conversion, borrowing, coinage, eponymy, and onomatopoeia.


Chapter 5: Morphophonology: The Interaction between Morphology


and Phonology




This chapter introduces


the morphophonology


of English,


which


is


the


study


of


how


morphology


and


phonology


interact


and


affect


each


other.


It


explains


the


concepts


of


allomorphy


(the


situation


where


a


morpheme


has


more than one form depending on its phonological environment),


alternations (the changes that occur in sounds or morphemes due to morphological processes),


suppletion (the situation where a morpheme has an irregular form that cannot be predicted by phonological rules),


reduplication (the process where a morpheme or part of a morpheme is repeated),


ablaut (the alternation between different vowel grades in Indo-European languages),


umlaut (the alternation between fronted vowels due to historical influence from a following front vowel),


stress shift (the change in stress placement due to affixation),


vowel reduction/schwa deletion/syncope/apocope/haplology (the processes where vowels are weakened or deleted due to stress patterns),


flapping/tapping/voicing/devoicing/glottalization/palatalization/velarization/labialization/nasalization/lateralization/rhotacization/l-vocalization/deletion/insertion/metathesis/assimilation/dissimilation/neutralization/deletion/insertion/metathesis/assimilation/dissimilation/neutralization/deletion/insertion/metathesis/assimilation/dissimilation/neutralization/deletion/insertion/metathesis/assimilation/dissimilation/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutrality/neutralization/deletion/insertion/metathesis/assimilation/dissimilation/neutralization/deletion/insertion/metathesis/assimilation/dissimilation/neutralization/deletion/insertion/metathesis/assimilation/dissimilation/neutralization/deletion/insertion/metathesis/assimilation/dissimilation/neutralization/deletion/insertion/metathesis/assimilation/dissimilation/neutralization/deletion (the processes where sounds change or interact in different environments due to morphology).


Conclusion




In this article, we have reviewed and summarized the main points of Relevant Linguistics: An Introduction to the Structure and Use of English for Teachers by Paul W. Justice. We have seen how this book provides a clear and simple introduction to the basics of linguistics for non-linguistics majors, especially education students and teachers. We have also seen how this book applies linguistics to teaching practice, showing how teachers can use linguistic knowledge and skills to teach English more effectively in diverse contexts.


We hope that this article has given you a good overview of the book and its contents, and that it has sparked your interest in learning more about linguistics and its relevance for teaching English. If you want to read the book yourself, you can find it online or in your local library. You can also check out the multiple choice quizzes that accompany each chapter on the publisher's website. For further learning and practice, you can also consult other books and websites on linguistics and English language teaching, such as:


  • An Introduction to Language by Victoria Fromkin, Robert Rodman, and Nina Hyams



  • Understanding English Grammar by Martha Kolln and Robert Funk



  • The Study of Language by George Yule



  • The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language by David Crystal



  • The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language



  • The Online Etymology Dictionary



  • The International Phonetic Association



  • The Linguistic Society of America



  • The Center for Applied Linguistics



  • The TESOL International Association



Thank you for reading this article. We hope that you have learned something new and useful about linguistics and English language teaching. We wish you all the best in your studies and your teaching career. d282676c82


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