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What is Abnt Nbr 15849 and how to use it?

What is Abnt Nbr 15849 and how to use it?

Abnt Nbr 15849 is a Brazilian standard that establishes the criteria for the design, construction, operation and closure of landfills for municipal solid waste. The standard was published in 2010 by the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (Associao Brasileira de Normas Tcnicas), or ABNT, which is responsible for the preparation of all national standards (voluntary, consensus based) [^1^].

Abnt Nbr 15849 Pdf 15

The standard aims to ensure the environmental protection and public health in the management of municipal solid waste, as well as to promote the rational use of natural resources and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. The standard covers aspects such as site selection, geotechnical and hydrogeological studies, leachate and gas management, environmental monitoring, operational procedures, closure and post-closure plans, among others [^2^].

To use Abnt Nbr 15849, one must follow the guidelines and requirements specified in the standard, as well as comply with other laws and regulations applicable to the location and type of landfill. The standard also provides references to other ABNT standards that complement or detail some of its topics, such as Abnt Nbr 10004 (classification of solid waste), Abnt Nbr 8419 (presentation of projects for sanitary landfills), Abnt Nbr 13896 (solid waste management terminology), among others [^2^].

Abnt Nbr 15849 is available for download in PDF format from the ABNT website [^3^], or from other online sources [^1^] . The standard is written in Portuguese and has 52 pages. It is recommended to consult the latest version of the standard, as well as to verify its validity and applicability before using it.

Abnt Nbr 15849 is based on the principles of the Integrated Solid Waste Management (ISWM), which is a comprehensive and systematic approach to address the environmental, social and economic aspects of waste management. ISWM involves the prevention, reduction, reuse, recycling, recovery and disposal of waste, as well as the participation of all stakeholders, such as government, industry, civil society and consumers .

The standard also incorporates the criteria of the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS), which is an international system that provides a common and coherent basis for the classification and communication of the hazards of chemical products. GHS aims to enhance the protection of human health and the environment, as well as to facilitate trade and transport of chemicals .

Abnt Nbr 15849 is one of the main references for the implementation of landfills for municipal solid waste in Brazil. The standard contributes to the improvement of the technical quality and environmental performance of these facilities, as well as to the harmonization of the national standards with the international ones. The standard also supports the development of a more sustainable and responsible waste management system in Brazil . e0e6b7cb5c


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